By Seerat Arora 26 Jun 2024 4 min read

Do Pilots Get Drug Tested?

Pilots are responsible for the safety of passengers, crew, and cargo. Hence, they have to ensure safety by being fit to fly, and most importantly take care of the fact that they are not under any influence that could hinder their ability to fly safely. So, do pilots get drug tested? Yes, as it is vital for the safety of every person onboard. 

As the aviation industry is dependent on safety protocols and precautions, it is a highly regulated and checked sector around the world. Authorities have set up strict guidelines and safety standards that have to be followed for everybody’s safety. And, one of these regulations is focused on drug testing for pilots. But do pilots get drug tested, and if so, how often do pilots get drug tested? 

Let’s discuss everything about pilot drug testing and its procedures, regulations, and frequency.

How Frequently Do Pilots Get Drug Tested?

How often do pilots get drug tested? The frequency varies on factors like the chosen airline and the role of the pilot. For example, in the US, all pilots have to go through drug testing bi-yearly, and pilots flying for major and renowned airlines usually have random drug testing regularly. In most commercial flights, pilots undergo an alcohol test before every flight. These tests, whatever the type, are created to identify any alcohol or drugs present in the pilot’s system. 

In addition to these random drug tests, pilots are also tested in case of an incident or accident. These are a means to detect if the pilot was under the influence when the incident happened and to understand the possible reasons behind the accident.

What Are The Types of Pilots and Their Drug Tests?

Pilots are divided into two major categories:

Part 91 Pilots:

Those who operate under Part 91 are not subjected to drug tests, but they still cannot operate an aircraft under the influence of alcohol or drugs, according to the regulations. Such pilots usually work in private pilot jobs or are part of organizations that don’t need drug tests.

Part 121 and 135 Pilots:

As for pilots who operate under Part 121 or 135, they have to undergo regular and random drug tests. Such pilots usually work for certified air carriers and are subject to drug testing by their employers. 
The type and frequency of drug testing varies according to the airline and the pilot’s role you choose. There are some types of pilot drug testing that they have to undergo, and they can be through hair, urine, and blood. 

  • The most common way is through urine tests - they identify if any drugs are present in the body.
  • Hair tests uncover if any drugs have been present in the body for a long time.
  • And, blood tests identify the presence as well as determine the intoxication levels.

How Are Pilots Drug Tested?

The process of drug testing for pilots is similar to employees in other industries. During the tests, pilots have to provide a hair, blood, or urine sample according to the protocols, and these will be used to check the presence of any drugs, including but not limited to, prescription drugs, medications, and illegal substances. 

What if I Fail a Pilot Drug Test?

The consequences of failing a drug test are severe. It can result in pilot license revocation, suspension, or criminal charges. In some cases, there might also be disciplinary actions taken against the pilot by their employer.

Impact of Drug Usage on Aviation

The usage of drugs can majorly impact the aviation industry. It can lead to impaired judgment in performing tasks of the aviation professional in question, which could compromise safety and lead to incidents or accidents in the air. In addition, the usage of drugs can also cause low productivity.

Importance of Pilot Safety

Pilot safety is the utmost priority in the aviation industry. Any distraction or impairment from the end of a pilot can have severe consequences as they are entrusted with the safe travel of the passengers and transportation of the cargo. The usage of drugs can cause impaired judgment and huge mistakes while performing their duties, which can lead to safety hazards and accidents. 

FAA’s Role in Drug Testing

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) plays an essential part in drug testing for pilots. Their rules and regulations are strictly implemented for the use of drugs and alcohol by pilots. It is the FAA’s responsibility to make sure the pilots have cleared their tests to fly and are not under any substance’s influence that could mess with their ability to fly safely.

To earn a pilot certification, the process requires all pilots to undergo a particular medical examination depending on the type of pilot license. It usually consists of a psychological and a physical evaluation to ensure the pilot is in a fit state to fly safely. Additionally, pilots can be randomly selected for drug testing.

In order to ensure the safety of the pilot and prevention of drug usage, the FAA also offers pilots and airlines whatever resources and guidance they require. 


Do pilots get drug tested? The answer is yes. The FAA has implemented strict rules and guidelines for pilot jobs to ensure pilot and passenger safety, especially by making sure the pilots are in perfect condition to fly and not influenced by any drugs or alcohol. 

How often do pilots get drug tested? There are a few types of pilot drug tests mentioned above, and the frequency of these tests depends on the kind of airline and pilot job. However, the main aim of these tests is to ensure everybody’s safety and to prevent incidents and accidents that can be caused by pilot improvement.  

Drug testing in aviation is all about safety, as safety is the utmost priority in the industry. Making sure pilots aren’t under any drug or alcohol influence before flying can help in the process, leading to a declined rate of risk of accidents, which will result in better passenger and crew safety.